by Jacob G. Hornberger
|America of the 1800s was a unique society in the history of man. People
could engage in virtually any economic enterprise without permission of
their public officials. People could become as wealthy as they wanted,
and there was nothing the government could do about it. They could dispose
of their money in any way they saw fit. And they could travel anywhere
they desired without a passport or other evidence of governmental consent,
This is what it once meant to be an American. This is what it once meant
to be free.
But perhaps the most unusual aspect of American society of the 1800s was that reflected by the Statue of Liberty: free immigration. For this was a society in which the citizenry prohibited their public officials from interfering with the right of people everywhere to come to the United States to live and work.
What was the result of this unusual society—a society without income taxation, welfare, social security, licensing, passports, subsidies, economic regulations, and immigration restrictions? The result was the most economically prosperous nation in the history of man! And this despite the fact that thousands of penniless immigrants, many of whom could not speak English, were flooding American shores every day.
But prosperity for the poor was not the real significance of our ancestors’ policy of freedom of immigration. The true significance is a much more profound one. For the first time in history, oppressed and persecuted people everywhere had hope—hope that if they were able to escape the tyranny under which they suffered, there was a place which would accept them. America was a beacon—a beacon of liberty which shone through the darkness of oppression, persecution, and tyranny throughout the world—a beacon which lit the hearts of millions who knew that if they could just escape, there was a nation, albeit faraway, to which they could flee.
But no longer—and not for many decades. While the Statue of Liberty is a nice place for tourists to visit, it now stands as a sad reminder of the rejection and abandonment by 20th-century Americans of the principles of liberty on which our nation was founded. And while the welfare-state, planned-economy way of life most clearly evidences this rejection and abandonment, the consequences, while bad, have not been as evil and horrible as those resulting from the abandonment of the principles of free immigration.
We must never forget that citizens are responsible for wrong-doing by their own government—even when they consciously choose to ignore it. The best-known example in recent times of conscious disregard of wrongdoing by one’s own government involved the German people in the 1930s—when Hitler embarked on his policy of extermination of the Jews. Most Americans believe that under same or similar circumstances, the people of this nation would act differently. Unfortunately, they are wrong. Because what Americans have never been taught in their public schools is that the American government, as well as other Western governments (including Britain, Canada, and most of Latin America), through their control of immigration sealed all avenues of Jewish escape from the Holocaust.
The sordid facts and details are set forth in two books: While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy by Arthur D. Morse, first published in 1967, and The Holocaust Conspiracy: An International Policy of Genocide by William R. Perl, published in 1989. Morse was executive producer of “CBS Reports” and the winner of numerous broadcasting awards. Perl served as a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army Intelligence Service, worked in the Prosecution Branch of the War Crimes trials, and later taught at George Washington University.
An American cannot read these two books without total revulsion at the reaction of his own government to Hitler’s policies against the Jews. Both authors detail the methods by which American politicians and bureaucrats, while maintaining an appearance of great humanitarianism, used immigration policies to prevent Germany’s Jews from escaping to the United States. Morse writes:
Since no other nations were willing to accept the refugees, the ship headed back to Germany where certain death awaited its passengers. At the last minute, England and some of the European nations reluctantly agreed to accept the refugees. Unfortunately, many of those who went to Europe were later killed under the Nazi occupation.
It is easy for present-day Americans to say, “We would never let that happen again.” Yet, we continue to permit public officials to control immigration. And the results of control point only in the direction of future catastrophe.
The U.S. government rightly criticizes the Soviet Union for not letting Jews emigrate...but then is horrified at the prospect of having to let Soviet Jews enter the United States. And it rightly criticizes Vietnam for its oppressive society...but then is horrified at the prospect of having to let too many Vietnamese “boat people” enter the United States.
And on the southern border of the United States, good and honorable people of the Republic of Mexico have been incarcerated, year after year, in American concentration centers for committing the heinous “crime” of trying to sustain and improve their lives through labor. I personally have been inside these concentration centers and visited with these victims of 20th-century political tyranny, and I shall never forget the looks on their faces—looks which asked, “Why are you doing this to us?”
Free immigration is nothing to fear. As free-market economists have shown for years (i.e., Julian L. Simon’s 1989 book, The Economic Consequences of Immigration), immigration is actually an economic boon to a society. Of course, fears of huge burdens associated with welfare, public schooling, and other aspects of the welfare state are a legitimate concern. But we should not use the welfare state as an excuse for rejecting free immigration; instead, we should use freedom as a reason for ending both the welfare state and immigration controls—and for ending the real and potential evils associated with them.
As walls separating people are crumbling all over the world, it is time for us to tear down our walls. It is time for us to recapture the spirit of liberty which guided our American ancestors and to lead the world to the highest reaches of freedom ever known by man. It is time for us to let the world know that its beacon of liberty is once again lighted for its poor, its tired, its huddled masses yearning to breathe free!